The Kyrgyz people are nomad people who came from Siberia and then moved to the south till they ended up with Tien Shan Mountains. The major occupation  in their life was the cattle, especially sheep and horses, which were the most important animals, but also cows and goats were raised. Horse - back riding is one of the most important part of Kyrgyz culture, and  Kyrgyz have a saying: "If you have only one day left in your life, you should spend at least half of it in the saddle."

There are different types of horse-back riding games played even nowadays, which are often performed during the festivals or shows, and the perfection of the Kyrgyz in the saddle, where the moves are mostly derived from every-day circumstances of former generations. Boys learn how to take care of sheep when helping the adults starting from the early ages.

Girls also learn the traditional handicraft very early, the colorful carpets that they make take months or years of patient work. The most popular carpets are Shyrdak and Ala-Kiyiz , which are both made of felt and show colored patterns, that are derived from nature.

Being so important to nomads the carpets are not only the best product of Kyrgyz but also one of the main national symbols of the Kyrgyz life. For example the Yurt, is also produced of felt, and can be found everywhere in the pastures. Yurts are still part of every-day life in modern Kyrgyzstan even in cities: You find street-cafés everywhere, serving traditional meals, and also families in large towns still build the yurt on the most important holidays, such as the child's birth, a marriage or a funeral. The importance of it is demonstrated in the flag of the Republic: It is red and there is the Tynduk in the center. This is a central part of the yurts roof, with its typical wooden circle and the crossed sticks in its middle.

Yurt is easily transported nomadic dwelling that has many functions and contains of a wooden construction and the felt covers. The whole thing is fixed with short leather-ribbons (instead of nails) and ropes made from animals' hair. The decoration is spread out everywhere inside: Carpets are hung on the walls and on the floor, and the "Djuk" which is at the end of the yurt, opposite the entrance: It is bed sheets are banquet at night on the floor and offer a soft and warm place for the night, but during daytime they are kept stapled and covered with a beautiful cloth, forming the back part of the place for the most respected guest.

There is a little stove in the middle of the yurt usually used for cooking and warming the room. It is absolutely necessary even in summer in those high-altitude regions, particularly if there is cold weather. The space inside the yurt is strictly separated you can find kitchen utilities, and everything needed for handicraft and sewing on the right hand side. The equipment for hunting, fishing, horseback riding and everything for the sheep are put on the left side of the entrance. 

Getting to know the tours in Kyrgyzstan closer, don't miss the following notions: 

Traditions and Customs

Musical instruments


Rukh Ordo complex

Issyk Kul State Historical and Cultural Museum

Dungan mosque

Sulaiman mountain

Uzgen complex

Manas complex