The territory of Kyrgyzstan has a very long and amazing history dating back to the Stone Age. The territory of Kyrgyzstan was always in the middle interest of concurrence by many different people, lots of troops such as Genghis - Khan, crossed the region and left here traces of their culture during the ages. There are ancient stone inscriptions in Kyrgyzstan and the 3000-year-old town of Osh point at the fact that first people have been living thousands of years ago here. The nomadic Kyrgyz tribes are some of the oldest tribes inhabiting in Central Asia and they came here about 2000 years ago. They moved to the south arriving from the Siberian region such as Yenisey and they formed the Kyrgyz Khanate at the beginning in the 9th century.
The Khanate of Karakhanids was recognized by descendants of Persian tribes during the 10th century. One of the most important cities was the town Balasagun, which you can be visit even today. You can see the Burana tower there. It takes you only 1 hour driving from Bishkek. The empire was defeated by Genghis Khan in the 13 th century, who established the Mongol Khanate. After the death of the influential emperor Mongke the Khanate was split up into many small ones, and the region of today's Kyrgyzstan was a part of the Chagatai Khanate.
Later it was transformed into the Kokand Khanate, ruled by Uzbeks the region became part of the Russian Empire after an uprising in 1873 - 1874, and it converted the part of the Soviet Union after the October Revolution since 1936.
The country became independent in 1991 and since then it is known as the Republic of Kyrgyzstan.