Due to its topography the country is divided into the northern and southern parts. There are large valleys such as the Chui-valley (where the capital Bishkek is situated), and the Talas-valley, and the lake Issyk-Kul The Kyrgyz also call the lake "The Blue Pearl of the Tien-Shan" or "Sea of the Kyrgyz" in the north of the country.
The name "Tien-Shan Mountains" mean «Celestial Mountains» from Chinese. It proved with two highest peaks that located here: Pobeda Peak (Victory Peak) with an altitude of 7439 m and the Khan-Tengri with 6995 m above sea level. Victory Peak is the most northern peak which situated at the altitude more than 7000m above sea level. People usually begin travelling in this area, from the Karakol town at the eastern side of the Issyk-Kul Lake. They also can see one of the world's biggest glaciers called as the Enylchek glacier and the mysterious Merzbacher's Lake, which disappears every year, but then refilled completely. Because of this reason, many years scientists and explorers asked themselves whether it existed at all - some of them stated it was on their maps and in their descriptions, some said it did not exist depending on the time of the year and the level of water.
The Tien-Shan mountain range is a very rich area and boasts with diverse kinds of mountainous landscapes, starting with green and fertile high-altitude pastures and valleys with woods to the sandy and rocky mountains and valleys and rocky which are snow-covered in the high-altitude mountain regions. There are some popular mountain lakes: the biggest is known as the Issyk-Kul lake in the country, which is used mainly for beach-holidays, and amazingly beautiful surroundings of the Son-Kul lake which is located at the altitude of about 3000m above sea level, and the Sary-Chelek lake which is located at the altitude of about 1900 m above sea level (see also the List of main touristic places / Son-Kul ; Sary-Chelek)
The beautiful mountain range with much wild nature is the main attraction for fans because of its fauna. It is characterized by Marco-Polo sheep and the snow leopards who live in the area, and such birds as eagles, falcons and vultures. You will be able to see seagulls at the elevation of 3000m and find rare species ubiquitously around the country.
In the south-west, the Tien-Shan mountains are divided into two parts and insert in their middle the Ferghana-valley the biggest part of which is located on the territory of Uzbekistan, but the east borders also reach into Kyrgyz territory. It is popular for its rich fertile areas where juicy and fresh choice of fruits and vegetables. In this part of Kyrgyzstan the population is quite dense, and also the second-biggest town of the country is here: Osh , with about 300.000 people. The southern part of the country is stretched by the Pamir mountain range, which established the borders of Kyrgyzstan with Tajikistan and China. There positioned a famous peak: the Lenin's Peak (7134m), which is popular among climbers from all over the world, because its technically not too demanding ascent.Mountainous landscape offers something particular for every taste!